Expert gives tips against common disease rosacea
Rosacea is a non-contagious inflammatory skin disease that manifests itself, among other things, in a blotchy reddened facial skin. Little is known about the causes of the disease. However, there are some things that people can do.
It starts with a few red spots on the face
In many cases it starts with a few red spots on the face, but at some point the blush stays around the nose. The cause of this is often rosacea ("copper rose") - "a frequent, often chronic inflammation of the facial skin", as the Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IGWiG) writes on its portal "gesundheitsinformation.de". “As with any skin condition, it can be difficult to deal with and it can affect wellbeing and self-confidence. However, there are many things you can do yourself to relieve the inflammation, ”said the experts.
Non-contagious inflammation of the facial skin
Rosacea is a non-contagious skin inflammation that can persist for years.
The skin disease is chronic. The cheeks, nose, chin or forehead are usually affected.
"It usually begins with fleeting redness," explains Sylke Schneider-Burrus, chief physician at the Center for Venous and Dermatosurgery at the Havel Clinic Berlin, in a message from the dpa news agency.
"At some point the skin stays red, and there are papules and pustules," explains the expert. Sometimes this looks like acne to lay people. "But the classic acne period is over when people get it," says the doctor.
Rosacea usually begins between the ages of 30 and 40.
Women are affected more often than men
"Rosacea is a common disease," says Schneider-Burrus.
"In Germany, about 2 to 5 out of 100 adults are affected - light-skinned types more often than more pigmented and women more often than men," writes the IQWiG.
According to the experts, there are four different stages of rosacea, but the disease does not automatically progress; many sufferers have consistent symptoms over a long period of time.
Skin swellings and nodule formation are particularly unpleasant for many people, which can cause the nose to swell, especially in men, to form a so-called rhinophyma ("bulbous nose" or popularly known as "drunk nose").
In addition, rosacea becomes a special burden if the eyelids or eyes are also affected. Inflammation of the conjunctiva and around the eyelid, dry eyes and corneal inflammation can be painful.
Since there are theoretically "many reasons for red spots on the face", as Schneider-Burrus explains in the dpa report, you should go to a dermatologist who can determine whether it is the chronic illness.
A cream with antibiotics and anti-inflammatories is then often prescribed, which must be used permanently.
“Often those affected find out over time that there are certain triggers for a relapse. Such triggers can vary from person to person. The general rule is that anything that causes reddening of the face can also increase rosacea, ”explains IQWiG.
It is therefore very important to adapt your own lifestyle. "The most important thing is protection from sunlight," says Schneider-Burrus according to dpa.
Those affected should therefore use sunscreen with a high sun protection factor all year round and not expose their face to direct sun. It is also important to find out what intensifies rosacea.
"For many, it is alcohol because it expands the vessels so that the face gets more blood." In many cases, patients also react to spicy food and very hot or very cold drinks.
"Whatever intensifies the blush on the face, you should definitely leave out," says Schneider-Burrus. This is just as important as consistent drug treatment.
Causes not yet known
The causes of rosacea are not yet known exactly. A genetic predisposition is suspected in some types of rosacea.
According to IQWiG, people with fair hair and fair skin are affected more often.
It is believed that the skin disease can have various causes: pathological changes in the blood vessels in the skin, sunlight damage to the connective tissue and a pathological inflammatory reaction.
Rosacea can also be a side effect of some medicines. (ad)