High fever in toddlers: how to measure and treat properly

High fever in toddlers: how to measure and treat properly

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Cold time: Children do not necessarily need medication for fever

Small children usually get a fever much more often than adults. In most cases, however, high body temperature is not a cause for great concern. The causes are often relatively harmless. However, you should know how best to measure temperature, how to treat fever and when it is better to see a doctor.

Children often get a fever

It's not particularly uncommon for people to catch a cold when it's colder outside. Children are particularly susceptible to infections. The little ones often get a fever. Parents are worried if the little ones are whining with a hot, flushed face and tired eyes. But when should you take the offspring to the doctor? And where is the best way to measure body temperature? Experts have the answers.

Defense reaction of the body

Children usually get a fever much more often than adults, but in most cases the high body temperature is not a cause for great concern.

Christoph Gulde, Vice President of the Landesapothekerverband (LAV) Baden-Württemberg, explains in a press release that fever is always a sign and symptom that the body deals with pathogens.

“So fever is not a disease, but a defense reaction of the body. Children are more likely to get a fever because their organism has not yet dealt with so many pathogens, ”said the expert.

“Around half of the fever diseases are due to viruses and not bacteria. Children can react with a fever to gastrointestinal infections as well as to bronchitis. ”

When from to the doctor?

If a child has a fever, parents often wonder when it needs to be taken to the doctor.

If the offspring is under three months old, according to experts, parents should always seek medical advice with them at a body temperature above 38 degrees.

It can also be dangerous if children have prolonged febrile seizures.

As the Institute for Efficiency and Quality in Health Care explains on its patient information portal, a febrile seizure that lasts more than 15 minutes and is one-sided is a case for the emergency doctor.

The child then usually gets antispasmodic medication and the febrile seizure usually subsides quickly.

"A simple febrile seizure usually lasts a few minutes and mainly occurs in children between the ages of three months and five years," says the portal

In the febrile seizure, the child loses consciousness, the muscles cramp, arms and legs twitch. “Children often roll their eyes, have dilated pupils or a fixed look. The lips or the whole face can turn blue, ”write the experts.

"Febrile seizures can be scary, although they are mostly harmless." Parents should make sure that the offspring are not injured, for example, by bumping each other. The child should also not be given anything to eat or drink.

Such cramps can occur when the fever rises rapidly or is very high.

The best way to measure temperature in the buttocks

It should be noted that the temperature in babies' buttocks should be measured, since deviations are more likely at other parts of the body.

A study by Canadian scientists also showed that fever measurement in the rectum works best - at any age.

Disposable plastic attachments are recommended; these ensure that the measuring device does not have to be disinfected every time.

Newer clinical thermometers also come to reliable values ​​through measurements in the inner ear.

Basically, children only speak rectally from a body temperature of over 38 degrees Celsius - in the ear or mouth from 38.5 degrees Celsius.

Natural aids

If the child has a fever, it is important that the child drinks enough liquid in the form of cool drinks.

If the temperature does not rise too high, home remedies for fever can often help in older children.

A chicken or vegetable broth can also make the symptoms more bearable.

Cooling calf wraps are also a tried and tested home remedy to make peak fever more bearable.

However, these must not be used if the fever is accompanied by chills. Then the offspring should be provided with hot water bottles or blankets.

Medicinal treatment is not always necessary

Gulde points out that there are also child-friendly medicines in pharmacies, "which help well as juice or suppositories", but it should generally be considered whether and when you can lower the fever with medication.

If a child is prone to febrile seizures, it is advisable, just as if he is very exhausted by high fever that lasts for days or cannot or does not want to drink enough fluids.

In such cases, a visit to the doctor is also strongly recommended. (ad)

Author and source information

Video: Fever in Kids: When to Call the Doctor (May 2022).