High blood pressure in children: Be sure to measure again

If children's blood pressure is high at the doctor: Second measurement recommended

Health experts have found that hypertension is more common in children. However, a one-time increase is not proof of hypertension. According to researchers from the USA, you should always take a second blood pressure measurement if the first indicates high blood pressure.

More and more patients with high blood pressure

The German High Pressure League e. V. DHL® reports that around 30 percent of adults worldwide have high blood pressure. However, many have no idea of ​​it. It can be dangerous. Because untreated hypertension is the number one risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. So it is clear that it is better to diagnose and treat hypertension early. This applies not only to adults, but also to children. But if the little ones are measured for high blood pressure, it does not mean that they actually suffer from hypertension.

Always take a second blood pressure measurement in children

Researchers from the United States point out that it is important to take a second blood pressure measurement in children if the first one gave an indication of high blood pressure, reports the portal "Health Day".

The researchers found in an investigation that almost 25 percent of the children and adolescents whose blood pressure was checked by their family doctor had high readings, but less than half of these measurements were confirmed when their blood pressure was checked again.

According to the study authors, the suspicion of high blood pressure was only confirmed in two percent of the children.

For the study, which was published in the journal "Journal of Clinical Hypertension", data from more than 755,000 patients of the Kaiser Permanente company in Southern California who were between three and 17 years old were evaluated.

"Pediatricians do not diagnose high blood pressure in children very often, but if it does exist, it is also important to track it down," said study author Dr. Robert James Riewerts, Regional Head of Pediatrics for the Southern California Permanente Medical Group.

"This study is important because it shows the best way to accurately diagnose high blood pressure in a child or teenager," he said in a press release from Kaiser Permanente.

"Taking a second blood pressure measurement when the first one is high is something that all clinicians need to consider."

Correct diagnosis helps prevent secondary diseases

According to the researchers, it is normal for blood pressure in children and adolescents to vary widely. What counts as high blood pressure in young people also depends on their gender, age and height.

Professor Wühl of the German High Pressure League (DHL) said in a message: “A value of 120 to 80 mm Hg, which is optimal for adults, is just normal for a 12-year-old, too high for a 6-year-old a 3-year-old has severe hypertension and an emergency in a newborn. "

If high blood pressure is not detected, children and adolescents and their parents may not be given the advice they need to suggest meaningful lifestyle changes, or they may not be given the medication they need.

Without early treatment, however, there is an increased risk that children will later be affected by complications such as a heart attack or stroke.

Hypertension does not always have to be treated with medication, in many cases it can also be reduced in a milder manner, among other things, through a healthier diet. (ad)

Author and source information

Video: Tips from a Pediatrician: How to Measure Blood Pressure in Children (January 2022).