Daisies we appreciate as an ornamental plant on the balcony or in the garden. However, it has been forgotten as a remedy for coughs and cramps. It is a perennial plant with a short rhizome that develops several leaf rosettes in autumn, from which stems grow up to one meter high in the following spring. The essentials in brief:
- The native meadow daisy is a typical pioneer plant on lean grass. It has a healing effect against cough, cramps and light skin injuries.
- Marguerites spread out in the garden, are easy to maintain and can be used in a variety of ways in the kitchen.
Meadow daisy, like related species, has essential oils, pyrethrin, cinerine and jasmine, tannins and resins.
Marguerite helps against colic as it relieves cramps. It is an old remedy for menstrual pain, regulates blood flow and has a sedative effect. The flowers relieve cough and asthma. They are also slightly astringent and reduce inflammation on the gums, throat and mouth. In addition, daisies bloom against minor burns and serve as a cure for impure skin and pimples.
We prepare tea from the flower heads. We can dry the flowers or use them fresh, let them steep in hot water and drain after ten minutes. As a rule of thumb: 12 flowers for a quarter liter of water. We drink the tea for internal complaints such as menstrual pain or bowel problems.
Against pimples, blackheads and blemished skin, we put a cloth in the tea and the damp rag on the appropriate area - just like in the case of burns. To smooth out blemished facial skin and combat pimples, we boil a pot of water, put a handful of daisy flowers in it, cover our head with a towel and let the steam act on the skin.
Marguerite (Chrysanthemum leucanthemum) is a daisy and a typical pioneer plant that thrives on rubble heaps, fallow land, meadows and semi-dry soils. It prefers low-nitrogen soil and sun to partial shade.
It always grows in groups and its white flowers are easy to find. Daisies spread quickly when they have discovered suitable terrain and bloom from May to autumn. All parts of the plant are edible, but can trigger a contact allergy in sensitive people.
Leaves and flowers
The leaves are spatulate, alternate and toothed. The flowers measure up to six centimeters and are terminal on the stems, their bracts have the shape of lancets and blackish edges. The inflorescence forms a basket, and the white tongue flowers are show organs, only the yellow tubular flowers are fertile.
All kinds of daisies
Our meadow daisy is just one of 42 species of the genus Leucanthemum, which is widespread in Europe and has long since settled on other continents such as North America. Even if leucos means white, some species do not wear white, but pink or yellow tongue flowers.
Daisies in the garden
Almost unknown as a medicinal herb today, daisies are still part of the fixed repertoire of garden centers. Firstly, the white-yellow flowers covering the surface look good, secondly, they are easy to care for. They like a bright location, get along with partial shade as well as direct sunlight, but their water requirements are high. They do not tolerate waterlogging, and at the same time the root ball must never dry out. In midsummer we should water daisies in the evening and in the morning. They show us when they need water - then they let leaves and flowers hang.
Do you want flowers? Then fertilize with garden compost from spring to August and cut off wilted flowers as well as dead shoots. Some gardeners recommend bringing the daisies indoors for the winter from October. The meadow marguerite is, however, a native plant and copes well with frost.
You can sow seeds in autumn or spring to plant daisies. It is even easier if they share rhizomes in April or late September and plant them in other locations. In summer you can also cut cuttings and put them in the ground.
For hardy daisies in the garden, cutting back in September is recommended before the first frost. You cut the stems about a hand's breadth above the ground. The plant sprouts well again in spring. You can easily cut back to half of daisies in tubs.
Wintering or not?
You should definitely bring daisies in buckets or boxes into the house in the event of frost, even if they are hardy varieties. The plant should then stand in a bright window in the house and get fresh air regularly.
If the daisy remains outdoors, in September, place the flower close to the house, where it will be protected from wind, snow, and moisture. Temperatures between 5 and 15 degrees are ideal for daisies in winter.
What is the meadow daisy suitable for?
The meadow marguerite firstly shares the biotope and secondly harmonizes optically with delphiniums and lupines, cornflowers and poppies.
Tip - do nothing
If you already have a few daisies in the garden and want to enjoy more flowers - nothing could be easier. Just let the meadow be meadow and don't mow for a summer. You will be amazed how quickly a barren lawn turns into a sea of white flowers.
A native relative of the meadow daisy is the meadow meadow daisy. It looks very similar, but gets a little higher. The main differences are in ecological preferences. The meadow meadow daisy loves nutrient-rich and moist soil, in contrast to the meadow daisy, which prefers lean grass. It sows itself on rich meadows and soon covers entire garden areas.
The garden marguerite has darker foliage than the meadow marguerite, their requirements are similar. However, it only blooms from mid-July.
Marguerite in the kitchen
The daisy leaf rosettes are not only edible, but delicious. They fit in curd cheese, yogurt, smoothies, in salads, dips and spreads. Flower buds and the yellow tubular flowers can be soaked in vinegar or oil and served as starters. Inlaid daisy buttons served as a caper replacement for our ancestors. You can fry the shoots as vegetables, boil or bake the roots. The aroma of the leaves is reminiscent of the green bowls of zucchini, the tongue and tube flowers taste fragrant and sweet. The young shoots and buds taste best, slightly sweet and fresh. You can use them to decorate soups and salads edible.
Pickled daisies are an old recipe. We need a handful of them, a quarter liter of balsamic vinegar, just as much water, 50 grams of salt, 50 grams of sugar as well as some pepper and mustard seeds. We cook everything together, except for the buds. We layer them in a mason jar and pour the hot brew over them. We close the jar, let everything go for two weeks and then: Bon appetit.
A bowl with daisy flowers is perfect for hot summer days. To do this, wash a handful of daisy flowers carefully. Then put them in ice cube molds, fill with mineral water and let everything freeze in the freezer. You now mix a quarter liter of orange and apple juice with water and add the ice cubes.
Tip: You can also use daisies and corn poppy along with the daisies.
They take a handful of young daisies, wash them carefully, drain them and turn them into flour, then egg and then breadcrumbs (breadcrumbs). You heat sunflower oil in a pan and fry the flowers in it until golden brown, drain the oil on kitchen paper and add salt and lemon at the end. (Dr. Utz Anhalt)
Author and source information
This text corresponds to the specifications of the medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been checked by medical doctors.
Dr. phil. Utz Anhalt, Barbara Schindewolf-Lensch
- Fleischhauer, Stefan Guido; Guthmann, Jürgen; Spiegelberger, Roland: Encyclopedia of edible wild plants. 2000 plants in Central Europe. Determination, collecting tips, ingredients, healing effects, use in the kitchen, AT Verlag, 2013
- Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (ed.) Et al .: Green series of the Ministry of Life, Volume 22: How many species do people need? A search for traces, Böhlau, 2010
- Beiser, Rudi: Our edible wild plants: Determine, collect, prepare, Franckh Kosmos Verlag, 2014